Erbil police, Wednesday, announced the arrest of a group in Erbil during drug abuse.

The police said in a statement that "police forces conducted a search operation on April 21, 2019, was able to arrest three people who were using drugs."

The statement pointed out that "an investigation was opened with them and the investigating judge decided to imprison them in accordance with Article 14 of the Narcotics Act."

China Petroleum Engineering & Construction Corporation (CPECC) will build and operate facilities to process natural gas extracted alongside crude oil at Iraq’s giant Halfaya oilfield, two oil officials said on Wednesday.

CPECC, which is affiliated to China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), will process around 300 million standard cubic feet per day (mcf/d) of natural gas extracted alongside crude oil at the field, said the officials.

The officials who are close to the energy operations in Halfaya did not reveal the value of the deal or when the building work will start on the gas project.

Halfaya, operated by PetroChina, is Maysan Oil Company’s largest oilfield, producing 370,000 barrels per day (bpd) of the company’s total output of around 510,000 bpd.

Iraq continues to flare some of the gas extracted alongside crude oil at its fields because it lacks the facilities to process it into fuel for local consumption or exports.

Member of the Political Bureau of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Saadi Ahmed Pira announced that they have completed their agreement with the Kurdistan Democratic Party only remained the signing of the agreement ,if the Parliament of Kurdistan hold a session, they vote for the law of the presidency of the region.

Saadi Ahmad Pira, a member of the Political Bureau of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan told reporters that the agreement with the Democratic Party has completed, they are waiting for the delegation of the Kurdistan Democratic Party to sign the protocol to form the government.

On the candidates of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan to fill ministerial positions announced that a large number of people have submitted their CVs to fill positions ,we choose competent because we want the government to be strong and does not repeat the mistakes of the past.

On this day 45 years ago, the town of Qaladze was bombed by the Baathist regime and dozens of civilians were killed and wounded.

The former Baathist regime on 24-4-1974 bombed the town of Qaladze with warplanes.

The bombing killed 134 citizens and injured more than 150 others, in addition to the destruction of 200 houses.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has left Pyongyang by train as he heads to Russia for a meeting with President Vladimir Putin.

The North Korean leader left at dawn on Wednesday with top government and military officials, according to the North's state-run Korean Central News Agency. It said officials and residents gathered at Pyongyang's train station to see him off.

Kim will meet Putin on Thursday in the Russian Pacific port of Vladivostok to discuss the international standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear programme, a Kremlin official said.

Thursday's summit will be the first between Putin and the North Korean leader. The "nuclear problem on the Korean Peninsula" would be the main item on the agenda, Kremlin aide Yuri Ushakov told reporters on Tuesday.

"In the last few months the situation around the peninsula has stabilised somewhat, thanks in large part to North Korea's initiatives of stopping rocket testing and closing its nuclear test site," Ushakov said.

 

"Russia intends to help in any way possible to cement that positive trend."

Russia has for years been involved in efforts to persuade North Korea to give up its nuclear programme. It took part in so-called "six-party talks", along with the two Koreas, Japan, the United States and China, that were last held in 2009.

South Korea's foreign ministry said it understood the agenda would include Russia-North Korea relations, denuclearisation and regional cooperation.

"Russia shares our viewpoints such as the achievement of complete denuclearisation on the Korean Peninsula and the settlement of permanent peace," foreign ministry spokesman Kim In-chul said in Seoul.

"I hope that the summit will be an opportunity that contributes to positive progress."

Putin previously held a summit in Russia with Kim Jong Un's father and predecessor as North Korean leader, Kim Jong Il, in 2002.

 

Kim Jong Il visited Russia again in 2011 when he was hosted by Dmitry Medvedev, the Putin lieutenant who at the time was serving as Russian president.

Tensions between Pyongyang and Washington have continued to simmer in the wake of the two summits, with North Korea recently calling for the replacement of US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo as a negotiator.

In addition to the increasing hostility towards Pompeo, North Korea last week tested a "new type of tactical guided weapon", its state news agency reported. It was the country's first known weapons test since February's failed US-North Korea summit in Hanoi.

 

 

SOURCE: NEWS AGENCIES

NASA's robotic probe InSight has detected and measured what scientists believe to be a "marsquake" marking the first time a likely seismological tremor has been recorded on another planet, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in California reported.

The breakthrough came on Tuesday nearly five months after InSight, the first spacecraft designed specifically to study the deep interior of a distant world, touched down on the surface of Mars to begin its two-year seismological mission on the Red Planet.

The faint rumble characterised by JPL scientists as a likely marsquake, roughly equal to a 2.5 magnitude earthquake, was recorded on April 6, the lander's 128th Martian day.

It was detected by InSight's French-built seismometer, an instrument sensitive enough to measure a seismic wave just one-half the radius of a hydrogen atom.

"We've been collecting background noise up until now, but this first event officially kicks off a new field: Martian seismology," InSight principal investigator Bruce Banerdt said in a news release.

 

Scientists are still examining the data to conclusively determine the precise cause of the signal, but the trembling appeared to have originated from inside the planet, as opposed to being caused by forces above the surface, such as wind.

NASA's InSight probe landed on the Red Planet in November last year.

InSight's mission is to identify the quakes that take place on the planet, with the aim to build a clearer picture of Mars's interior structure.

By studying Mars at its core, InSight aims to go back in time and shed light on what factors resulted in producing an Earth full of life and a desolate Mars.

"The information collected will help us to understand the evolution of rocky planets inside and outside our solar system," Rafael Navarro-Gonzalez, a member of the Curiosity mission and a researcher at the Institute of Nuclear Sciences in the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), told Al Jazeera, adding that the gathered date will help open a window into understanding life.

"Rocky planets like ours are essential for the emergence and evolution of life as we know it.

"Our goal is to find a second genesis of life, and we believe that Mars is the [place] where we can find it. In this way, we could revolutionise the biology from terrestrial to universal," Navarro-Gonzalez added.

No tectonic plates

The size and duration of the marsquake also fit the profile of some of the thousands of moonquakes detected on the lunar surface between 1969 and 1977 by seismometers installed there by NASA's Apollo missions, said Lori Glaze, planetary science division director at NASA headquarters in Washington.

The lunar and Martian surfaces are extremely quiet compared with Earth, which experiences constant low-level seismic noise from oceans and weather as well as quakes that occur along subterranean fault lines created by shifting tectonic plates in the planet's crust.

Mars and the moon lack tectonic plates. Their seismic activity is instead driven by a cooling and contracting process that causes stress to build up and become strong enough to rupture the crust.

Three other apparent seismic signals were picked up by InSight on March 14, April 10 and April 11 but were even smaller and more ambiguous in origin, leaving scientists less certain they were actual marsquakes.

 

SOURCE: AL JAZEERA AND NEWS AGENCIES

Omega-3 fatty acids are incredibly important.

They have many powerful health benefits for your body and brain.

In fact, few nutrients have been studied as thoroughly as omega-3 fatty acids.

Here are 17 health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids that are supported by science.

1. Omega-3s Can Fight Depression and Anxiety

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the world.

Symptoms include sadness, lethargy and a general loss of interest in life (12).

Anxiety, also a common disorder, is characterized by constant worry and nervousness (3).

Interestingly, studies indicate that people who consume omega-3s regularly are less likely to be depressed (45).

What's more, when people with depression or anxiety start taking omega-3 supplements, their symptoms improve (678).

There are three types of omega-3 fatty acids: ALA, EPA and DHA. Of the three, EPA appears to be the best at fighting depression (9).

One study even found EPA as effective against depression as a common antidepressant drug (10).


 
2. Omega-3s Can Improve Eye Health

DHA, a type of omega-3, is a major structural component of the retina of your eye (11).

When you don't get enough DHA, vision problems may arise (1213).

Interestingly, getting enough omega-3 is linked to a reduced risk of macular degeneration, one of the world's leading causes of permanent eye damage and blindness (1415).


 
3. Omega-3s Can Promote Brain Health During Pregnancy and Early Life

Omega-3s are crucial for brain growth and development in infants.

DHA accounts for 40% of the polyunsaturated fatty acids in your brain and 60% in the retina of your eye (1216).

Therefore, it's no surprise that infants fed a DHA-fortified formula have better eyesight than infants fed a formula without it (17).

Getting enough omega-3s during pregnancy is associated with numerous benefits for your child, including (181920):

  • Higher intelligence
  • Better communication and social skills
  • Fewer behavioral problems
  • Decreased risk of developmental delay
  • Decreased risk of ADHD, autism and cerebral palsy
 
 
4. Omega-3s Can Improve Risk Factors for Heart Disease

Heart attacks and strokes are the world's leading causes of death (21).

Decades ago, researchers observed that fish-eating communities had very low rates of these diseases. This was later linked to omega-3 consumption (2223).

Since then, omega-3 fatty acids have been tied to numerous benefits for heart health (24).

These benefits address:

  • Triglycerides: Omega-3s can cause a major reduction in triglycerides, usually in the range of 15–30% (252627).
  • Blood pressure: Omega-3s can reduce blood pressure levels in people with high blood pressure (2528).
  • “Good” HDL cholesterol: Omega-3s can raise “good” HDL cholesterol levels (293031).
  • Blood clots: Omega-3s can keep blood platelets from clumping together. This helps prevent the formation of harmful blood clots (3233).
  • Plaque: By keeping your arteries smooth and free from damage, omega-3s help prevent the plaque that can restrict and harden your arteries (3435).
  • Inflammation: Omega-3s reduce the production of some substances released during your body’s inflammatory response (363738).

For some people, omega-3s can also lower “bad” LDL cholesterol. However, evidence is mixed — some studies find increases in LDL (3940).

Despite these beneficial effects on heart disease risk factors, there is no convincing evidence that omega-3 supplements can prevent heart attacks or strokes. Many studies find no benefit (4142).


 
5. Omega-3s Can Reduce Symptoms of ADHD in Children

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity (43).

Several studies note that children with ADHD have lower blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids than their healthy peers (4445).

What's more, numerous studies observe that omega-3 supplements can reduce the symptoms of ADHD.

Omega-3s help improve inattention and task completion. They also decrease hyperactivity, impulsiveness, restlessness and aggression (46474849).

Recently, researchers observed that fish oil supplements were one of the most promising treatments for ADHD (50).


 
6. Omega-3s Can Reduce Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a collection of conditions.

It includes central obesity — also known as belly fat — as well as high blood pressure, insulin resistance, high triglycerides and low “good” HDL cholesterol levels.

It is a major public health concern because it increases your risk of many other illnesses, including heart disease and diabetes (51).

Omega-3 fatty acids can improve insulin resistance, inflammation and heart disease risk factors in people with metabolic syndrome (525354).

7. Omega-3s Can Fight Inflammation

Inflammation is a natural response to infections and damage in your body. Therefore, it is vital for your health.

However, inflammation sometimes persists for a long time, even without an infection or injury. This is called chronic — or long-term — inflammation.

Long-term inflammation can contribute to almost every chronic Western illness, including heart disease and cancer (555657).

Notably, omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the production of molecules and substances linked to inflammation, such as inflammatory eicosanoids and cytokines (5859).

Studies have consistently observed a connection between higher omega-3 intake and reduced inflammation (86061).

 

8. Omega-3s Can Fight Autoimmune Diseases

In autoimmune diseases, your immune system mistakes healthy cells for foreign cells and starts attacking them.

Type 1 diabetes is one prime example, in which your immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.

Omega-3s can combat some of these diseases and may be especially important during early life.

Studies show that getting enough omega-3s during your first year of life is linked to a reduced risk of many autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, autoimmune diabetes and multiple sclerosis (626364).

Omega-3s also help treat lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease and psoriasis (65666768).

 
9. Omega-3s Can Improve Mental Disorders

Low omega-3 levels have been reported in people with psychiatric disorders (69).

Studies suggest that omega-3 supplements can reduce the frequency of mood swings and relapses in people with both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (697071).

Supplementing with omega-3 fatty acids may also decrease violent behavior (72).

10. Omega-3s Can Fight Age-Related Mental Decline and Alzheimer's Disease

A decline in brain function is one of the unavoidable consequences of aging.

Several studies link higher omega-3 intake to decreased age-related mental decline and a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease (737475).

One review of controlled studies suggests that omega-3 supplements may be beneficial at disease onset, when the symptoms of AD are very mild (76).

Keep in mind that more research is needed on omega-3s and brain health.

11. Omega-3s May Help Prevent Cancer

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the Western world, and omega-3 fatty acids have long been claimed to reduce the risk of certain cancers.

Interestingly, studies show that people who consume the most omega-3s have up to a 55% lower risk of colon cancer (7778).

Additionally, omega-3 consumption is linked to a reduced risk of prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women. However, not all studies give the same results (798081).

12. Omega-3s Can Reduce Asthma in Children

Asthma is a chronic lung disease with symptoms like coughing, shortness of breath and wheezing.

Severe asthma attacks can be very dangerous. They are caused by inflammation and swelling in the airways of your lungs.

What's more, asthma rates in the US have been rising over the past few decades (82).

Several studies associate omega-3 consumption with a lower risk of asthma in children and young adults (8384).

 
13. Omega-3s Can Reduce Fat in Your Liver

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is more common than you think.

It has increased with the obesity epidemic to become the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the Western world (85).

However, supplementing with omega-3 fatty acids effectively reduces liver fat and inflammation in people with NAFLD (8586).

14. Omega-3s May Improve Bone and Joint Health

Osteoporosis and arthritis are two common disorders that affect your skeletal system.

Studies indicate that omega-3s can improve bone strength by boosting the amount of calcium in your bones, which should lead to a reduced risk of osteoporosis (8788).

Omega-3s may also treat arthritis. Patients taking omega-3 supplements have reported reduced joint pain and increased grip strength (8990).

15. Omega-3s Can Alleviate Menstrual Pain

Menstrual pain occurs in your lower abdomen and pelvis and often radiates to your lower back and thighs.

It can significantly affect your quality of life.

However, studies repeatedly prove that women who consume the most omega-3s have milder menstrual pain (9192).

One study even determined that an omega-3 supplement was more effective than ibuprofen in treating severe pain during menstruation (93).

16. Omega-3 Fatty Acids May Improve Sleep

Good sleep is one of the foundations of optimal health.

Studies tie sleep deprivation to many diseases, including obesity, diabetes and depression (94959697).

Low levels of omega-3 fatty acids are associated with sleep problems in children and obstructive sleep apnea in adults (9899).

Low levels of DHA are also linked to lower levels of the hormone melatonin, which helps you fall asleep (100).

Studies in both children and adults reveal that supplementing with omega-3 increases the length and quality of sleep (98100).

17. Omega-3 Fats Are Good For Your Skin

DHA is a structural component of your skin. It is responsible for the health of cell membranes, which make up a large part of your skin.

A healthy cell membrane results in soft, moist, supple and wrinkle-free skin.

EPA also benefits your skin in several ways, including (101102):

  • Managing oil production and hydration of your skin.
  • Preventing hyperkeratinization of hair follicles, which appears as the little red bumps often seen on upper arms.
  • Reducing premature aging of your skin.
  • Reducing the risk of acne.

Omega-3s can also protect your skin from sun damage. EPA helps block the release of substances that eat away at the collagen in your skin after sun exposure (101).

 
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